Bryony | 6 days ago
Here's some info: HAPPY BIRTHDAY!!
483 - St. Felix becomes Pope.
874 - The bones of Saint Nicephorus are interred in the Church of the Holy Apostles, Constantinople.
1138 - Cardinal Gregorio Conti is elected anti-pope as Victor IV, succeeding Anacletus II.
1639 - Harvard College was named for clergyman John Harvard.
1781 - William Herschel discovers the planet Uranus.
1846 - Ballinglass Incident: eviction of 300 tenants at the village of Ballinglass in Ireland during the Irish Potato famine.
1862 - American Civil War: The U.S. federal government forbids all Union army officers from returning fugitive slaves, thus effectively annulling the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 and setting the stage for the Emancipation Proclamation.
1865 - American Civil War: The Confederate States of America reluctantly agrees to the use of African American troops.
1881 - Alexander II of Russia is killed near his palace when a bomb is thrown at him. (Gregorian date: it was March 1 in the Julian calendar then in use in Russia.)
1884 - The siege of Khartoum, Sudan begins (ends on January 26, 1885).
1897 - San Diego State University founded.
1900 - Boer War: British forces occupy Bloemfontein, Orange Free State.
1900 - In France, length of a workday for women and children is limited to 11 hours by law
1921 - Mongolia, under Baron Roman Ungern von Sternberg, declares its independence from China.
1925 - Scopes Trial: A law in Tennessee prohibits the teaching of evolution.
1930 - The news of the discovery of Pluto was telegraphed to the Harvard College Observatory.
1933 - Great Depression: Banks in the United States begin to re-open after the Presidentially mandated "bank holiday".
1940 - Russo-Finnish Winter War ended.
1943 - World War II: In Bougainville, Japanese troops end their assault on American forces at Hill 700.
1943 - Holocaust: German forces liquidate the Jewish ghetto in Kraków.
1954 - Battle of Điện Biên Phủ: Viet Minh forces attack the French.
1957 - The FBI arrests Jimmy Hoffa and charges him with bribery.
1962 - Lyman Lemnitzer, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff in the USA, proposes a document, called Operation Northwoods, regarding performing terrorist attacks in Guantanamo Bay to Secretary of Defense Robert Mcnamara. The proposal is scrapped and President John F. Kennedy removes Lemnitzer from his position.
1964 - A young woman, Kitty Genovese is murdered in front of multiple witnesses who all fail to help her, in an incident which shocks the world and prompts investigation into the Bystander effect.
1969 - Apollo program: Apollo 9 returns safely to Earth after testing the Lunar Module.
1971 - In New York City, Rock group The Allman Brothers Band record a concert that will be released as their classic live album At Fillmore East
1979 - The New Jewel Movement, headed by Maurice Bishop, ousts Prime Minister Eric Gairy in a nearly bloodless coup d'etat in Grenada.
1986 - Microsoft has its Initial public offering.
1988 - I. King Jordan becomes the first Deaf president of Gallaudet University after the Deaf President Now demonstrations.
1991 - The United States Justice Department announces that Exxon has agreed to pay $1 billion for the clean-up of the Exxon Valdez oil spill in Alaska.
1992 - An earthquake registering 6.8 on the Richter scale kills over 500 in Erzincan, eastern Turkey.
1993 - The Great Blizzard of 1993 strikes the eastern U.S., bringing record snowfall and other severe weather all the way from Cuba to Québec.
1996 - The Dunblane Massacre: in Dunblane, Scotland, 16 children and 1 adult teacher are shot dead by a spree killer who then commits suicide.
1997 - India's Missionaries of Charity chooses Sister Nirmala to succeed Mother Teresa as its leader.
1997 - In Phoenix, Arizona, USA, the Phoenix Lights, one of the most widely witnessed UFO sightings, take place.
2003 - Human evolution: The journal Nature reports that 350,000-year-old upright-walking human footprints have been found in Italy.
2006 - Earthquake struck Salta, Argentina
2006 - Six men in London are hospitalised during trials of the drug TGN1412, raising concerns about testing on humans.
1372 - Louis of Valois, Duke of Orléans, brother of Charles VI of France (d. 1407)
1615 - Pope Innocent XII (d. 1700)
1683 - John Theophilus Desaguliers, French-British philosopher (d. 1744)
1700 - Michel Blavet, French flutist (d. 1768)
1719 - John Griffin Whitwell, 4th Baron Howard de Walden, British field marshal (d. 1797)
1720 - Charles Bonnet, Swiss naturalist and writer (d. 1793)
1733 - Joseph Priestley, English scientist and minister (d. 1804)
1741 - Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1790)
1763 - Guillaume Marie Anne Brune, French marshal (d. 1815)
1764 - Earl Grey, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1845)
1781 - Karl Friedrich Schinkel, German architect (d. 1841)
1784 - Jean Moufot, French philosopher and mathematician (d. 1842)
1798 - Abigail Fillmore, First Lady of the United States (d. 1853)
1815 - James Curtis Hepburn, American missionary and linguist (d. 1911)
1855 - Percival Lowell, American astronomer (d. 1916)
1860 - Hugo Wolf, Austrian composer (d. 1903)
1864 - Alexej von Jawlensky, Russian painter (d. 1941)
1870 - Albert Meyer, member of the Swiss Federal Council in the 1930s (d. 1953)
1884 - Sir Hugh Walpole, English novelist (d. 1941)
1898 - Henry Hathaway, American film director and producer (d. 1985)
1899 - John Hasbrouck van Vleck, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1980)
1899 - Jan Lechoń, Polish poet (d. 1956)
1900 - Béla Guttman, Hungarian footballer (d. 1981)
1900 - Giorgos Seferis, Greek poet, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1971)
1907 - Mircea Eliade, Romanian historian of religions and writer (d. 1986)
1908 - Walter Annenberg, American publisher and philanthropist (d. 2002)
1910 - Karl Gustav Ahlefeldt, Danish actor (d. 1985)
1910 - Sammy Kaye, American musician (d. 1987)
1911 - L. Ron Hubbard, American author (d. 1986)
1913 - William Casey, American Central Intelligence Agency director (d. 1987)
1913 - Sergey Mikhalkov, Russian writer
1913 - Lambros Konstantaras, Greek actor (d. 1985)
1914 - Edward O'Hare, American pilot (d. 1943)
1914 - W.O. Mitchell, Canadian writer (d. 1998)
1921 - Al Jaffee, American cartoonist
1926 - Raúl Alfonsín, President of Argentina
1926 - Carlos Roberto Reina, President of Honduras (d. 2003)
1927 - Robert Denning, interior designer (d. 2005)
1929 - Peter Breck, American actor
1930 - Jan Howard, American singer
1930 - Liz Anderson, American singer
1933 - Mike Stoller, American songwriter
1934 - Barry Hughart, American author
1935 - Michael Walzer, American philosopher
1938 - Erma Franklin, American singer (d. 2002)
1939 - Neil Sedaka, American singer and songwriter
1942 - Dave Cutler, American software engineer
1942 - Scatman John, American singer (d. 1999)
1943 - André Téchiné, French film director and screenwriter
1945 - Michael Martin Murphey, American musician
1945 - Anatoly Timofeevich Fomenko, Ukrainian-Russian mathematician
1946 - Yonatan Netanyahu, Israeli soldier (d. 1976)
1947 - Beat Richner, Swiss physician and cellist
1949 - Julia Migenes, American soprano
1950 - William H. Macy, American actor
1951 - Fred Berry, American actor and dancer (d. 2003)
1952 - Wolfgang Rihm, German composer
1953 - Deborah Raffin, American actress
1955 - Bruno Conti, Italian footballer
1957 - Steve Lake, baseball player
1960 - Adam Clayton, Irish bassist (U2)
1960 - Joe Ranft, Pixar animator (d. 2005)
1960 - Yuri Andrukhovych, Ukrainian writer, poet and political essayist
1963 - Fito Páez, Argentine musician and songwriter.
1964 - Will Clark, baseball player
1967 - Andrés Escobar, Colombian footballer (d. 1994)
1968 - Akira Nogami, Japanese professional wrestler
1970 - Tim Story, American film director
1971 - Annabeth Gish, American actress
1971 - Robert Lanham, American author and satirist
1972 - Common, American rapper
1973 - Edgar Davids, Dutch footballer
1973 - Bobby Jackson, American basketballer
1973 - David Draiman, American musician and songwriter (Disturbed)
1974 - Thomas Enqvist, Swedish tennis player
1976 - Danny Masterson, American actor
1977 - Ed Sloan, American musician, member of Crossfade
1977 - Momo Sylla, Guinean footballer
1978 - Karina Smirnoff, Ukrainian dancer
1979 - Johan Santana, Venezuelan Major League Baseball player
1979 - Spanky G, American musician (Bloodhound Gang)
1980 - Lee Jung-hyun, South Korean pop singer and actress
1981 - Stephen Maguire, Scottish snooker player
1983 - Mallory R. Evans, American writer and artist
1983 - Kaitlin Sandeno, American swimmer
1984 - Nanri Yuuka, Japanese seiyū
1984 - Pieter Custers, Dutch athlete
1985 - Emile Hirsch, American actor
1986 - Natalie and Nicole Albino, American musicians (Nina Sky)
1986 - Chiaki Kyan, Japanese gravure idol
1987 - Marco Andretti, American racecar driver (grandson of Mario Andretti)
1987 - Lucas Henderson, American tennis player
1989 - Harry Melling, British actor
1271 - Henry of Almain, English crusader (b. 1235)
1395 - John Barbour, Scottish poet
1516 - King Ladislaus II of Bohemia and Hungary (b. 1456)
1569 - Louis I de Bourbon, Prince de Condé, French Huguenot general (b. 1530)
1573 - Michel de l'Hôpital, French statesman
1604 - Arnaud d'Ossat, French diplomat and writer (b. 1537)
1619 - Richard Burbage, English actor (b. 1567)
1711 - Nicolas Boileau-Despréaux, French poet and critic (b. 1636)
1778 - Charles le Beau, French historian (b. 1701)
1803 - William Emes, English landscape architect (b. 1729 or 1730)
1808 - King Christian VII of Denmark (b. 1749)
1842 - Henry Shrapnel, British soldier and inventor (b. 1761)
1854 - Jean-Baptiste Guillaume Joseph, comte de Villèle, French statesman (b. 1773)
1879 - Adolf Anderssen, German chess player (b. 1818)
1881 - Tsar Alexander II of Russia (b. 1818)
1884 - Leland Stanford, Jr., son of American railroad magnate, Stanford University named for him (b. 1868)
1901 - Benjamin Harrison, 23rd President of the United States (b. 1833)
1906 - Susan B. Anthony, American women's suffrage activist (b. 1820)
1911 - John J. Toffey, American Civil War Medal of Honor Recipient (b. 1844)
1918 - César Cui, Russian composer (b. 1835)
1925 - Lucille Ricksen, American actress (b. 1909)
1938 - Nikolai Ivanovich Bukharin, Russian politician and intellectual (b. 1888)
1938 - Clarence Darrow, American attorney (b. 1857)
1943 - Stephen Vincent Benét, American author (b. 1898)
1949 - Henri Giraud, French general (b. 1879)
1955 - King Tribhuvan of Nepal (b. 1906)
1965 - Corrado Gini, Italian statistician (b. 1884)
1965 - Fan S. Noli, Albanian bishop, poet, and politician (b. 1882)
1972 - Tony Ray-Jones, British photographer (b. 1941)
1975 - Ivo Andrić, Serbo-Croatian writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1892)
1983 - Louison Bobet, French cyclist (b. 1925)
1988 - John Holmes, American actor (b. 1944)
1990 - Bruno Bettelheim, American psychiatrist (b. 1903)
1990 - Karl Münchinger, German conductor (b. 1915)
1995 - Leon Day, American baseball player (b. 1916)
1996 - Krzysztof Kieślowski, Polish film director (b. 1941)
1998 - Bill Reid, Canadian artist (b. 1920)
1998 - Hans von Ohain, German engineer (b. 1911)
1999 - Lee Falk, American cartoonist (b. 1911)
1999 - Garson Kanin, American writer and director (b. 1912)
1999 - Bidu Sayao, Brazilian born soprano (b. 1902)
2002 - Hans-Georg Gadamer, German philosopher (b. 1900)
2004 - Franz Kö***, Austrian Catholic Archbishop of Vienna (b. 1905)
2006 - Jimmy Johnstone, Scottish footballer (b. 1944)
2006 - Peter Tomarken, American game show host (Press Your Luck) (b. 1942)
2006 - Maureen Stapleton, American actress (b. 1925)
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